Newton sits on land of this country’s native people, particularly the Massachusetts tribe, who lived, worked and played here for over 12,000 years. Their culture was and is complex and stalwart against 400 years of disease, forced assimilation, and racism. In the 1600s, settlers and entrepreneurs fleeing crowded Europe came looking for resources and economic opportunities in the “new world.” The rapid expansion of English settlements, and quickly-increasing European population, led to conflict between Native people and the newly-arrived immigrants over access to land and resources.
In the area now known as Newton, English settlement goes back to the early 1600s. By the 1630s, Newton was known as “Cambridge Village.” It was part of "the newe towne" which was renamed Cambridge in 1638. In 1688, Cambridge Village officially became an independent township known by several names: Cambridge Village, New Cambridge, Newtown, and New Town. On December 15, 1691, Newton became the official name and the area became a city on January 5, 1874.
Now, Newton, Massachusetts is a vibrant community comprised of 13 distinctive villages. Located just outside of Boston, Newton is well respected for the quality of education, community life, exceptional homes, and beautiful open spaces. Newton has frequently been voted as one of the 10 best communities to live in.
With a population of about 80,000 residents and approximately 26,000 homes, the City also houses Boston College, UMass Amherst at Mt. Ida Campus and Lasell College. The Boston Marathon runs right through the City with Heartbreak Hill beginning next to City Hall. The Newton Free Library is well respected as one of the largest, most well equipped libraries in the Commonwealth.
By size the city is 18.3 square miles bordering the communities of Brookline, Brighton, Watertown, Waltham, Weston, Wellesley, Needham and West Roxbury. Newton also has east–west and north-south highway infrastructure with Routes 90 and 95 running through the city.
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